Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is Osteopathic Manual Practice?

There are two distinct professions calling themselves osteopathy. In USA and Canada “osteopathy” refers to American style osteopathic medicine that provides osteopathic manipulative medicine as well as medications and surgery. This type of “osteopathy” is taught only in USA. Outside USA, the term “osteopathy” refers to a profession that provides only hands-on manual therapy, without performing surgery or prescribing medications. Outside North America this profession is called osteopathy. In USA to differentiate between this profession and American style osteopathy (osteopathic medicine), the term “osteopathic manual practice” is used. In Canada additional terms such as “European style osteopathy” and “manual osteopathy” are also used.

In USA, those who practice osteopathy are called osteopaths or osteopathic physicians and those who practice osteopathic manual practice (OMP) are called osteopathic manual practitioners. In Canada the term manual osteopath is also used to describe those who practice OMP. The only exception is the province of Quebec in Canada where those practice OMP are permitted to use the title osteopath.  Outside North America, in all other countries of the world, both American style osteopaths (osteopathic physicians) and European style osteopathic manual practitioners are called osteopaths.

Osteopathic manual practice (founded in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still in USA) is an established internationally recognized manual therapy system of assessment and treatment, which lays its main emphasis on the structural and functional integrity of the neuromusculoskeletal system.

Osteopathic manual practice uses a variety of hands-on physical treatments. These include soft tissue therapy, osteoarticular techniques, positional facilitated release technique, techniques of Still, osteopathy in the cranial field, visceral techniques, oscillatory techniques, muscle energy treatment and functional (strain and counter strain) techniques. These techniques are normally employed together with therapeutic exercise, dietary, and occupational advice in an attempt to help patients recover from pain, disease and injury.

European style Osteopathic manual practitioners do not prescribe medications or perform surgery, while American style osteopaths (also known as osteopathic physicians)perform surgery and prescribe medications as well as using osteopathic techniques in managing a patient’s condition.

National University of Medical Sciences (USA) offers two degree programs in osteopathic manual practice.


  1. What is the Minimum Academic Admission Requirement?

The minimum requirement for our bachelor’s degree program is having a high school (grade 12) or equivalent diploma. For master’s degrees the minimum requirement is having a bachelor’s degree in any field.

  1. How Long are the Degree Programs?

The program length depends on student background. There are 3 categories of students entering National University of Medical Sciences (USA). Category 1 are regular students with no prior health education. Category 2 are students with previous health education but not at a doctoral level, such as massage therapists, acupuncturists, diploma level osteopathic manual practitioners & kinesiologists. Category 3 are students who possess a doctoral degree or equivalent education such as osteopaths, degree level osteopathic manual practitioners, physiotherapists & physical therapists, chiropractors, physicians and surgeons, and naturopaths.
Depending on which category they are, students receive advanced credits that allow them to graduate in a shorter time while paying less tuition.
For example, the BSc program in osteopathic manual practice is 3 years full time for category 1 students, it is 1 year full time for category 2 students. Category 3 students can complete the program in 6 months. However the master level degree programs such as MBA, MSc(P) & MSc (AT) programs are all 1 year for all students no matter what category they are in.

  1. How much is the tuition?

Tuition for single degree 100% online programs : $3,850 per semester ($7,700 per year) for each online degree program. Included with this tuition is a portable hard drive, one week of optional on-site technique classes, official transcript, & degree certificate (shipping included).
Tuition for dual degree 100% online programs: $5,500 per semester ($11,000 per year) for two online degree programs taken concurrently. Included with this tuition is a portable hard drive, one week of optional on-site technique classes, two official transcripts, & two degree certificate (shipping included).
Tuition for triple degree 100% online programs: $6,600 per semester ($13,200 per year) for three online degree programs taken concurrently. Included with this tuition is a portable hard drive, one week of optional on-site practical technique classes, three official transcripts, & three degree certificate (shipping included).
  1. Is There a Tuition Discount For Health Practitioners?

All students who have previous health education receive discounts of up to 83% toward the cost of their tuition for some programs offered by NUMSS (USA). The exact amount of discount depends on student’s educational background. Please see the tuition page to know the exact amount of tuition for different categories of students. There is no discount available to health professionals for the MBA, MSc (P) or MSc (AT) programs.

  1. Is There a Tuition Discount for Students Who Enrol in Dual Degree Programs?

Yes. All students, regardless of previous health experience receive discounts when enrolled in one of NUMSS (USA) dual degree programs. The exact amount of discount depends on the chosen programs. Please see the tuition page for the exact amount of available discount.

  1. Is There a Tuition Discount for Students Who Are on Welfare or Disability?

No, we do not offer a discount to those applicants on social assistance or those who are disabled. However some governments (for example the Ontario government in Canada) offer limited amount of financial assistance to qualified applicants to study.

  1. When Do the Degree Programs Start?

All degree programs start twice per year; September 03rd and February 03rd of each year.

  1. Is Financial Help & Student Loans Available?

Financing any professional program requires considerable planning and budgeting. All major financial institutions and banks have loan programs and/or lines of credit available to NUMSS (USA) students with good credit history. Please contact your bank for details such as eligibility requirements, interest rates and applications. Government loans are not available to students for any of the degree programs offered by NUMSS (USA). National University of Medical Sciences (USA) does not offer any loans to students.

  1. What Degrees are Offered?

National University of Medical Sciences (USA) offers 8 single degrees which are BSc, MSc, MBA, tDPT, DBM, and PhD. Students may also enrol in the programs concurrently to receive two or three degrees together upon graduation.

  1. What Employment Opportunities Exist For Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

Upon graduation; osteopathic manual practitioners have the option of opening their own clinics; or to rent rooms in established medical, assessment, health or rehab clinics in order to benefit from cross referrals; or to work as employees in other osteopathic, medical, chiropractic, osteopathy, physiotherapy, massage or rehab clinics.

Most osteopathic manual practitioners work in private clinics, often as sole proprietor, associate or employee. However, the increase in multidisciplinary health care facilities and physical rehabilitation clinics has opened new opportunities for these osteopathic manual practitioners to collaborate with other health care professionals (such as family physicians, massage therapists, naturopaths, athletic therapists, kinesiologists, podiatrists, chiropodists, occupational therapists, ergonomists, & acupuncturists) and benefit patients with interprofessional care.

A small numbers of osteopathic manual practitioners also work in hospitals (outside USA), nursing homes, health spas, sports teams, insurance companies claims services department, fitness clubs, cruise ship spas, colleges, universities, private schools, motor vehicle accident (MVA) assessment centres and other institutions.

Most new graduates start their professional work as employees. Later they establish their own private clinics.

  1. What is the Average Salary of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

This data is not available in USA. Most of the date in regards to salary comes from Canada. The average salary for a new osteopathic manual practitioner in Canada who works as an employee in a medical, assessment, health or rehab clinic is approximately $30 per hour.

Osteopathic manual practitioners in private practise generally charge between $60 to $140 per hour of treatment in Canada and Europe. Manual Osteopathic treatments provided by NUMSS (USA) graduates are covered by most extended health plan insurers in Canada. However in most countries patients pay out of pocket for manual osteopathic care as private or government insurance is not available.

  1. How Many Osteopathic Manual Practitioners Practice in the World?

There are approximately 43,000 osteopathic manual practitioners across the world. 17,460 of them are in France in France, 4,500 in United Kingdome (UK), 2,000 in Canada, 1,000 manual osteopaths in Brazil and a few thousands more spread around the world in countries such as Australia, New Zealand, Panama, Colombia, China, Iran, India, South Korea, Japan, Greece, South Africa, Singapore, Vietnam, Venezuela, Latvia, St Martin, Barbados, Jamaica, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Mexico, Russia, Ukraine, Argentina, Pakistan, Israel, Austria, Germany, Portugal, Italy, and Netherlands amongst others . Nearly half of them are women. 87,000 doctors of osteopathic medicine (also known as osteopaths or osteopathic physicians) practice in the USA. In Canada there are less than 50 osteopathic physicians. Across the world (outside North America) there is less than 500 osteopathic physicians.

  1. What Countries Offer Osteopathic Manual Practice Education?

USA has the largest number of osteopathic medical colleges & universities. Osteopathic medicine is only taught in the USA. Osteopathy colleges and universities around the world teach the European style of osteopathy, known as manual osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice.

There are manual osteopathy colleges in Canada, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium, Germany, Russia, England, Poland, Israel, Italy, New Zealand, and France.

In the United States, NUMSS (USA) is the only school offering osteopathic manual practice education as a degree program.

  1. Is NUMSS (USA) Tuition Tax Deductible?

Yes. Any expenses incurred to obtain a degree at NUMSS (USA) is a tax-deductible expense in most countries such as United Kingdom, Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand and most Western European countries if it is used for the purpose of producing income. Students receive a receipt for tuition paid. The cost of books and supplies are also tax deductible in most countries. However you should consult with the tax authorities of your jurisdiction to check on eligibility as each country has its own rules and regulations.

  1. What are the Differences Between Osteopathic Manual Practice & Chiropractic?

Chiropractors and osteopathic Manual Practitioners are all health professionals who treat patients with a focus on the neuromusculoskeletal system, including the spine, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

Historically there is a political answer relating to the founder of osteopathy, Dr Andrew Taylor Still, falling out with his student, Dr. D.D. Palmer, who then went on to be the founder of chiropractic.

The principle working difference is that osteopathic manual practitioners tend to use more rhythmical and gentler techniques while chiropractors use more often stronger, high velocity, low amplitude manipulative techniques.

Essentially, both offer valuable and useful services, and each can be included in a holistic healthcare regimen. There are now many multidisciplinary clinics offering osteopathic manual practice, chiropractic, physiotherapy, acupuncture and massage therapy services. This seems to be the new growing trend in Italy, the United Kingdom & the rest of Europe as well as Canada, Australia, & New Zealand, especially for patients injured in motor vehicle accidents.

Chiropractors & osteopathic manual practitioners both can choose to become specialists in orthopaedics, neurology, clinical nutrition, paediatrics, sports medicine, and clinical sciences. Both chiropractors and osteopathic manual practitioners are primary care givers who can see patients directly without the need for a referral from a medical doctor. And both are permitted to use physiotherapy modalities such as ultrasound, laser and electrotherapy in most jurisdictions.

  1. Is NUMSS (USA) accredited by Council on Manual Osteopathy Education?

Yes. NUMSS (USA) is accredited by Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE) of International Osteopathic Association (IOA).

  1. Are NUMSS (USA) graduates eligible to write the board exams?

Yes. NUMSS (USA) graduates are eligible to apply and register for the board exams administered by the International Osteopathy Examining Board (www.osteopathyboard.org). Students who wish to practice osteopathy in Canada are eligible to apply and register with the Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board (www.cmoeb.org). Students who wish to practice in the province of Ontario (Canada) are eligible to register for the oral, written and practical board exams of the College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario (www.compontario.org).

Passing one of the two board exams mentioned above is required for NUMSS (USA) graduates to be eligible for membership to the International Osteopathic Association (IOA).

  1. Is NUMSS (USA) accepted by International Osteopathic Association (IOA)?

Yes. NUMSS (USA) is accepted by International Osteopathic Association (www.internationalosteopathicassociation.org). NUMSS (USA) graduates are permitted to apply for IOA membership and to receive certificates of registrations.

  1. Where are the optional practical classes held?

The weeklong (5 days per week, 10am to 4pm) optional practical technique labs are held in Madrid (Spain) and Panama City. Attendance is not mandatory for the online students meaning you can graduate without attending the classes. In these classes students fine tune their techniques under the supervision of a clinician. There is a registration fee of $965.00 (US dollar) for each weeklong practical technique labs.  The practical technique labs are available after end of each semester (twice per year). Dates may vary per location.

  1. Can osteopathic manual therapy & athletic therapy be learned online?

Yes. There is no difference between online and campus based education. In some ways the online education is even superior to the campus based because students have the ability to pause the lectures and watch the techniques over and over again. Many successful osteopathic manual practitioners are practicing around the world who studied osteopathic manual practice through an online on-demand program. The professions of manual osteopathy, chiropractic, pedorthics, athletic therapy, massage therapy, physiotherapy and even medicine and dentistry have offered at one time or another correspondence courses. With the technology NUMSS (USA) uses students feel they are sitting in a classroom watching the lectures. They have also the ability to email NUMSS (USA) at any time and ask any academic questions they may have. Some universities in United Kingdom have started offering medical specialty courses such as orthopedic surgery to Medical Doctors through online programs, and some universities in the USA offer masters program in nursing through online lectures. As technology advances delivering high quality videos become easier and permits students worldwide to watch the lectures easily and comfortably. And more universities are embracing the online teaching as it eliminates the need for campus attendance and enables education to be spread internationally.

With the advancement in communication technology online education is improving rapidly. Time has shown that many of health related programs can indeed be taught online. Here are some examples:

  • Since 2003; many universities in the USA have been offering transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy (tDPT) through 100% online education. The tDPT is available only to physiotherapists as a post professional degree. However the older generation of physiotherapists did not study diagnostic imaging, medical diagnosis or manual therapy. And the tDPT program teaches these subjects. So it is possible to learn diagnosis, radiology and manual therapy through online programs.f
  • Since a decade ago; the University of Western Ontario has been offering a Diploma in Pedorthics program. The program has 6 courses which are online. These courses include assessments and pedorthic examinations. The university has graduated many students and they are currently working as certified pedorthists in Canada. This shows that pedorthic education can be learned online.
  • A United Kingdom university is offering a 100% online specialty program in orthopedic surgery to medical doctors since the past few years.
  • Many universities in the USA are offering online master’s degrees in nursing since the past decade.
  • A college in Alberta, Canada is offering a diploma program in massage through online education.
  • Many colleges and universities in USA and elsewhere offer naturopathy diplomas and degrees through online format.
  • A school in USA has just started teaching needle-less acupuncture online.
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine is offered online by many schools.
  • Clinical nutrition is offered by hundreds of universities and colleges worldwide.
  • Kinesiology & human kinetics is offered through online education by a number of schools.
  • Degrees in clinical psychology is offered by many universities.
  1. Is manual osteopathic care covered by insurers?

In certain countries (such as Canada) manual osteopathic treatments are covered by most extended health plan insurance providers. In USA, there is only one insurer that covers manual osteopathic care.

  1. Is manual osteopathic treatments covered by insurers for MVA patients?

In certain countries (such as Canada & most European countries) manual osteopathic treatments provided to patients who suffered injuries in a motor vehicle accident are covered by all auto insurers. For example in the province of Ontario in Canada all insurers as per Financial Services Commission of Ontario (FSCO) must cover manual osteopathic treatments at a rate of $57.67 (Canadian dollars) per hour for non-catastrophic injuries and at a rate of $88.28 for catastrophic injuries.

  1. What manual osteopathic techniques are taught at NUMSS (USA)?

National University of Medical Sciences (USA) teaches techniques for all joints including lumbar, thoracic, cervical, temporomandibular joint, shoulder, scapula, elbow, wrist, hand, sacrum, hip, knee, ankle and foot. Some of the techniques we teach include osteoarticular techniques, static joint play, mobility testing, cranial osteopathy, visceral techniques, strain / counterstrain techniques, lymphatic drainage, muscle energy techniques, soft tissue therapy, myofascial release technique, trigger point therapy, therapeutic exercise, positional facilitated release, balanced ligamentous tension, techniques of Still, etc.

  1. How does manual osteopathic treatment help patients with low back pain?

There are a few known mechanism affecting individuals who receive manual osteopathic treatment for low back pain.

First mechanism: Osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) increases joint mobility by producing a barrage of impulses in muscle spindle afferents and smaller-diameter afferents ultimately silencing facilitated ? (gamma) motoneurons as proposed by Korr. This theory is supported by several recent studies by the Pickar lab and by findings that low back pain patients have altered proprioceptive input from muscle spindles. Recent work has also shown that that osteopathic manual therapy modifies the discharge of Group I and II afferents. This has been accomplished by recording single-unit activity in muscle spindle and Golgi tendon organ afferents in an animal model during manipulation.

A second mechanism is that osteopathic manual therapy, by mechanically opening the intravertebral foramina (IVF), decreases pressure on the dorsal roots. Substantial evidence shows that the dorsal nerve roots and dorsal root ganglia are susceptible to the effects of mechanical compression. Compressive loads as low as 10 mg applied to dorsal roots increase the discharge of Group I, II, III and IV afferents. This compression can also alter non-impulse-based mechanisms (eg, axoplasmic transport) and cause edema and hemorrhage in the dorsal root. Manual osteopathic therapy mechanically decreases the pressure in the IVF by gapping the facet joints and opening the IVF. For instance, the synovial space of the lumbar facet joints increases by about 0.7 mm in individuals receiving manipulation. This doesn’t seem like much, but as with any therapy there is usually a course of care involved. Even in moderate stenosis patients treated by osteopathic manual practitioners typically see significant pain reduction following a period of 1-2 weeks of treatment.

A third mechanism is based on findings that persistent alterations in normal sensory input resulting from an injury can increases the excitability of neuronal circuits in the spinal cord. Osteopathic manual therapy works by applying non-noxious mechanical inputs to these circuits. This involves mechanisms similar to the pain-gate theory proposed by Melzack and Wall wherein activation of fibers can reduce chronic pain and increase pain threshold levels. This is supported by studies where osteopathic manual therapy of the lumbar region decreases central pain processing as measured via pin-prick tests. Additional studies have shown a reduction in central pain sensitivity after OMT using graded pressure and noxious cutaneous electrical stimulation.

A fourth mechanism involves beta-endorphin mechanisms. Studies have shown increases in beta-endorphin levels after osteopathic manual therapy but not after control interventions.

Fifth mechanism: Substantial evidence also shows that osteopathic manual therapy activates paraspinal muscle reflexes and alters motoneuron excitability. These effects are still being studied and appear to differ depending on whether performed on patients in pain or pain-free subjects.

A sixth mechanism involves inhibition of somatosomatic reflexes by alterations in muscle spindle input produced by osteopathic manual therapy. It is thought that OMT may normalize spindle biomechanics and improve muscle spindle discharge.

Lastly, in humans, osteopathic manual therapy can decrease heart rate and blood pressure while increasing vagal afferent activity as measured by heart-rate variability. OMT in rats have been shown to produce an inhibitory effect on the cardiovascular excitatory response and reduce both blood pressure and heart rate. Manual osteopathic soft tissue therapy has been shown to impact behavioral manifestations associated with chronic activation of the HPA axis such as anxiety and depression, while decreasing plasma, urinary, and salivary cortisol and urinary corticotropin releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF-LI). Manual stimulation in rats has been shown to significantly increase glucocorticoid receptor gene expression which enhanced negative feedback inhibition of HPA activity and reduced post-stress secretion of ACTH and glucocorticoid.

  1. What is Athletic Therapy?

Athletic Therapy is the prevention, immediate care, treatment and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal injuries by an Athletic Therapist. It involves the assessment of physical function, the treatment of dysfunction caused by pain and/or injury in order to develop, maintain and maximize independence and prevent dysfunction. User groups of this service are varied and can include but are not limited to people with a musculoskeletal injury that may be active individuals, injured workers, motor vehicle accident injuries, recreational athletes, professional athletes and competitive amateur athletes.

  1. Is an Athletic Therapist the same thing as a Personal Trainer or Strength Coach?

Athletic therapists may work as personal fitness trainers or strength coach, however their scope of practice covers a lot more. Athletic Trainers are healthcare providers who provide care for both athletes and non-athletes alike. Personal trainers, on the other hand, are fitness professionals and not healthcare professionals. The training required to become a personal trainer is at the diploma level while athletic therapist education is at the university level.
The only similarity between Athletic Therapists and personal trainers is that both work with athletes, but they are two very different professions.

  1. What kind of employment opportunities exist for Athletic Therapists?

Athletic Therapists are currently employed in many sport medicine settings including:

Universities and Colleges

Athletic Therapists work with varsity athletes providing expertise on injury prevention, emergency and acute care, assessment and rehabilitation of injuries as well as developing conditioning programs. Many Athletic Therapists also teach related subject matters at various academic institutions.

Professional Sports

Athletic Therapists are currently employed by professional teams in the NHL, CFL, NBA, MLB, NWHL, NLL as well as professional dance companies. These therapists are responsible for injury prevention, emergency and acute injury care, assessment and complete rehabilitation of injuries and development of conditioning programs.

National Athletes

Athletic Therapists are an integral part of the ongoing care of national athletes. Athletic Therapists either work directly with the team or are selected to the medical teams for games such as; Olympics; Pan Am; Commonwealth; World Cup, etc.

Private Sports Medicine Clinics

A growing number of Athletic Therapists own or work in fee-for-service clinics, treating a variety of injuries and conditions. Treatment will include injury assessment and rehabilitation as well as conditioning programs for all active individuals.

  1. What is the average income of Athletic Therapists?

This data does not exist in USA. The date given here is from Canadian sources. The average income depends on the jurisdiction and types of practice. It generally ranges from $41,000 to $78,000 in Canada. Depending on jurisdictions athletic therapists charge $75 to $140 per hour of treatment.

  1. Can Athletic Therapists open a clinic?

Yes. A growing number of athletic therapists open their own private athletic therapy clinics. Some have also started opening multidisciplinary clinics offering a number of health related services such as osteopathic manual practice, massage therapy, athletic therapy, chiropractic & naturopathy. A small number of athletic therapists also own and operate clinics involved solely in rehabilitation of workers and motor vehicle accident patients.

  1. What is the scope of practice of Athletic Therapists?

Athletic Therapists are highly skilled health care professionals, with similar scope of practice as physiotherapists that provide immediate treatment to musculoskeletal injuries. ATs employ a sports medicine model of rehabilitation to physical injuries incurred from sports, recreation, accidents, daily activities or occupation. Early exercise prescription is often given to aggressively heal soft tissue injuries and to maintain/increase mobility. ATs however are not permitted to render a medical diagnosis in USA & Canada, nor able to offer High Velocity Low Amplitude (HVLA) techniques.

  1. What types of treatments are performed by Athletic Therapists?

Athletic Therapy treatments are always one on one and usually 30-60 minutes in length. Treatments consist of manual therapy, including soft tissue therapy & joint mobilization, core strengthening & therapeutic exercise prescription, supportive taping & bracing, postural correction, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, neuromuscular retraining, nutritional advice & supplement recommendation, and the use of traditional physiological therapeutic modalities (ultrasound, IFC, TENS, laser, NMES). Almost every modality available to physical therapists (physiotherapists) is also used by athletic therapists.

  1. Is Athletic Therapy covered by extended health plans?

In USA, no, there is no insurer covering athletic therapy services. In Canada a number of extended health plans cover Athletic Therapy treatments with a doctor’s referral.

  1. How is Athletic Therapy different from Physiotherapy?

Athletic Therapists specialize in orthopaedic assessment and rehabilitation of all physical injuries as well as sport specific exercise rehabilitation. Athletic Therapy is based on the sports medicine model of rehabilitation and unlike physiotherapy does not involve the study of neurological, respiratory, or cardiovascular rehabilitation.

  1. What types of conditions are treated by Athletic Therapists?

Ligament sprains, muscle strains, tendonitis, overuse injuries, bruises, joint pain, low back pain, myofascial trigger points, restricted range of motion, tissue impingement, plantar fasciitis, etc.

  1. Can Athletic Therapy graduates of NUMSS (USA) work everywhere?

Yes. NUMSS (USA) graduates of the Athletic Therapy program are permitted to work as Athletic Therapists (AT) in all countries including the USA, Canada, Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil, China, India, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Norway, Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, Pakistan, Egypt, UAE, Iran, Colombia, Venezuela, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Greece, Saudi Arabia & Vietnam.

  1. Is the Athletic Therapy program of NUMSS (USA) accredited?

Yes. The Master of Science in Athletic Therapy program offered by National University of Medical Sciences (USA) is an approved program (by IBCAT) and accredited by the International Board of Certified Athletic Therapists.

  1. Are NUMSS (USA) Athletic Therapy graduates eligible to write the board exams?

Yes. NUMSS (USA) graduates of the Athletic Therapy degree program are eligible to sit for the board exams administered by the International Board of Certified Athletic Therapists (IBCAT). Once the board exams are passed graduates become certified by IBCAT.

  1. What Organizations Have Accredited NUMSS (USA)?

NUMSS (USA) is a private American university that is accepted by a number of organizations. Our students are permitted to become members of many organizations in their fields. Some of the organizations that accept our alumni as members include:

  1. American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)
  2. Council on Manual Osteopathy Education (CMOE)
  3. The Association of MBAs in Canada (AMBAC)
  4. International Board of Certified Athletic Therapists (IBCAT)
  5. British Herbal Medicine Association (BHMA)
  6. College des Osteopathes Canadiens (CDOC)
  7. Human Factors & Ergonomics Society (HFES)
  8. Alliance Canadienne de Medecine Alternative (ACMA)
  9. The British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (BASES)
  10. Ontario Association of Osteopathy & Natural Medicine (OAONM)
  11. Asociation des osteopathes Regroupement des Intervenants et Therapeutes en Medecine Alternative (RITMA)
  12. Ontario Osteopathic & Alternative Medicine Association (OOAMA)
  13. National Manual Osteopathic Society (NMOS)
  14. Bangladesh Board of Physiotherapy Specialists (BBPS)
  15. Ontario Association of Osteopathic Practitioners (OAOP)
  16. International Osteopathic Association (IOA)
  17. International Osteopathy Examining Board (IOEB)
  18. Sociedad Española de Fisioterapia en Pediatría (SEFIP)
  19. Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board (CMOEB)
  20. College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario (COMPO)
  21. Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences (OCORS)
  22. Indian Osteopathic Association (InOA)
  23. National Herbalists Association of Australia (NHAA)
  24. The Herbs Society (THS)


  1. I am a licensed health practitioner. Can I use my manual osteopathic education towards my Continuing Education (CE) requirements of my regulatory board?

Yes. Most regulatory boards for chiropractors, physiotherapists, massage therapists, naturopaths, acupuncturists, occupational therapists, kinesiologists, athletic therapists & trainers, homeopaths, & medical doctors accept the time you spent studying in our programs towards your CE requirement. Most regulatory boards require 20 to 40 hours of CE in a year or two, and our programs cover this requirement as all our programs are over 40 hours.

  1. Could manual osteopathic practitioners bill insurers for two types of treatments?

Yes but it depends on the type of patient’s coverage, EHP or MVA.
In most cases you cannot bill extended health plan (EHP) insurers in Canada for osteopathic manual practice and another type of treatment (chiropractic, physiotherapy, massage therapy, naturopathy, athletic therapy, acupuncture, etc) on the same day. Most Canadian EHP insurers accept only one type of treatment from one health practitioner. Your clinic can bill for manual osteopathic care and massage therapy for example on the same day if the treatments are performed by two health practitioners. But if the health practitioner is a massage therapist/osteopathic manual practitioner then in one day massage therapy must be billed and another day manual osteopathic care.
This does not apply to motor vehicle accident (MVA) patients. For MVA patients Canadian health practitioners can charge the insurers for more than one type of therapy. For example on the same visit an auto insurer can be billed for manual osteopathic treatment, physiotherapy, massage therapy and rehabilitation.

  1. After graduating from NUMSS (USA) manual osteopathic program, can I practice in Canada, USA, Australia, UK, South Africa & New Zealand?

Yes, you can practice and open a clinic in all Canadian provinces, all US states, and everywhere else in Australia, United Kingdom and New Zealand. However the osteopathy profession is regulated in these countries and our graduates must work as osteopathic manual practitioners. They may not use the term osteopaths in these countries. For example in the USA & Canada, the term osteopath is reserved for osteopathic physicians who do surgery and prescribe medications.
In all other countries, including Italy, Spain, Ireland, Germany, Netherlands, South Korea, Brazil, Iran, China, Taiwan, Japan, Jordan, Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Singapore, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Greece, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungry, Nigeria, Tanzania, Cameroon, Vietnam, Turkey, Austria, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, & Argentina, our graduates can use the term osteopath and practice as osteopaths.

  1. Is there a database of osteopathic related research papers?

There are many. Our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol has set up a Facebook page called Osteopathy Related Research & Sciences at www.fb.com/osteopathicresearch which compiles links to many useful manual osteopathic related research papers.

  1. Do you offer any seminars?

Yes, we offer a number of manual osteopathic related seminars at very low fees. Please contact the admissions office for more info.

  1. Who teaches the visceral manipulation & cranial osteopathy techniques?

We have two professors who cover these lectures; professor Jorge Aranda and Dr Oleg Bagrin.


  1. What is the Patient Confidence Rate for Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

Of all the alternative health care practitioners in Canada, patients have the highest confidence in osteopathic manual practitioners (data from 2006).

  1. How much Canadians spent yearly on manual osteopathic care?

Canadians on average spend about $220 per year on manual osteopathic care (data from 2006).

  1. What is the financial status of osteopathic manual practitioners in Canada?

Statistic Canada reported that 10% of Canadians have annual income of over $80,000. Osteopathic Manual Practitioners in Canada, with an average income of $90,000 per year are part of the wealthiest 10% of Canadians (data from 2013).

  1. What are the similarities & differences between osteopathic manual practice, massage therapy, physiotherapy & chiropractic?

Dr Pourgol has prepared an article on major similarities and differences of these four health professions that offer manual therapy. To read the article please click on the link below which takes you directly to Dr Pourgol’s personal blog site. http://drpourgol.blogspot.ca/2013/06/osteopathy-vs-chiropractic-vs-physical.html

  1. Is there a Facebook group for osteopathic manual practitioners?

There are many such groups. However the largest ones is “We Love Osteopathy” which is founded by our president Dr Shahin Pourgol. It is open to everyone. Feel free to join the group. The group address is: www.fb.com/groups/weloveosteopathy.

  1. Is there a business related site for osteopathic manual practitioners?

Yes, Dr Pourgol has set up the “Osteopathy Business Tips” Facebook page that offers valuable business tips to osteopathic manual practitioners. It is open to everyone. You can visit it by clicking on the link below: www.fb.com/richosteopath.

  1. Can the Doctor of Physical Therapy (tDPT) Program Be Learned Online?

Yes. Since 2003; over 20 universities in the USA have been offering the transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) through 100% online education. The DPT program is available only to physiotherapists as a post professional degree. However the older generation of physiotherapists did not study x-ray & diagnostic imaging, medical diagnosis or manual therapy. The DPT program therefore teaches these subjects. So it is possible to learn diagnosis, radiology and manual therapy through online programs.

  1. How Many Students are Studying Osteopathic Manual Practice?

There are over 14,700 students of osteopathic manual practice enrolled in degree or diploma programs around the world. There are 21,741 students of American style osteopathy (also known as osteopathic medicine) enrolled in the DO (Doctor of Osteopathy) programs in American osteopathic universities and schools. USA is the only country offering education in both osteopathic medicine as well as osteopathic manual practice. All other countries where students enrolled offer European style manual osteopathic education (no surgery, no medication).

  1. Who Refers Patients to Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

A 2013 survey indicates that osteopathic manual practitioners receive the most number of patients through word of mouth referrals of their own patients. The second most common source of patient referral is from family physicians. Here are the most common sources of patient referrals to osteopathic manual practitioners. The amount is in percentage.

Friend of patient 29.7%
Medical Doctor (M.D.) 23.6%
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) 3.9%
Chiropractor 1.8%
Chinese medicine 2.3%
Physiotherapist 15%
Counselor/psychologist 3.5%
Podiatrist 4.1%
Dietician 1%
Personal trainer 3.5%
Massage therapist 6.6%

  1. Where Do Osteopathic Manual Practitioners Work?

A 2013 survey of European style osteopathic manual practitioners found that the majority of osteopathic manual practitioners prefer to own their own private manual osteopathic Care clinic. Of interest is that over 3% of osteopathic manual practitioners work in hospital (outside USA) and 6.5% of them have positions in universities.

Private clinic 43%
With 1 partner 14.1%
More than 2 partners 18.2%
Hospital 3%
Outpatient clinic 2.9%
Medical institution 3.9%
University 6.5%

  1. How Long Does it Take for a Manual Osteopathic Treatment?

Thirty to forty five minutes is the most common treatment length for manual osteopathic treatments. A 2013 survey indicates 40.5% of patients osteopathic manual practitioners see in Canada, USA & Europe receive this length of treatment. The 2nd most common is 45 to 60 minutes, which 31.8% of patients receive.

  1. Do Family Physicians Refer to Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

The 2nd most common referral sources of osteopathic manual practitioners in Canada, USA & Europe are medical doctors. A 2013 survey found that 18.5% of patients osteopathic manual practitioners see are referred by physicians.

  1. Do Physiotherapists Refer to Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

A 2013 survey found that over 10.6% of the patients treated by osteopathic manual practitioners in the USA, Canada and Europe are referred to them by physiotherapists. Physical therapists make up the third most common referral sources of osteopathic manual practitioners.

  1. How Many Osteopathic Manual Practitioners Practice in Each Country?

Here are approximate numbers of osteopathic manual practitioners providing manual osteopathic care in a selected number of countries.

Argentina 125 Australia 1,725 Austria 600 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 1
Bahrain 3 Belgium 1,539 Belize 1 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2 Brazil 1,000
Brunei 1 Bulgaria 5 Cameroon 2 Canada 2,000 Cayman Islands 1
Chile 45 China (including Hong Kong & Macau) 150 Costa Rica 15 Croatia 2 Czech Republic 5
Colombia 15 Croatia 16 Cyprus 11 Denmark 50 Dominican Republic 2
Egypt 35 El Salvador 2 Estonia 5 Finland 300 France 17,460
Germany 7,000 Greece 40 Hungary 5 Iceland 2 India 360
Indonesia 10 Iran 120 Ireland 120 Israel 50 Italy 6,000
Jamaica 1 Japan 275 Jordan 20 Latvia 20 Lebanon 10
Lithuania 10 Luxembourg 40 Malaysia 25 Malta 1 Martinique 5
Mexico 175 Morocco 35 Namibia 1 Netherlands 639 New Zealand 400
Nigeria 10 Norway 250 Oman 1 Palestine 5 Panama 20
Philippines 30 Poland 30 Portugal 400 Qatar 2 Romania 35
Russia 1,300 Saudi Arabia 50 Serbia 5 Singapore 30 Slovakia 2
Slovenia 2 Spain 800 South Africa 49 South Korea 200 St Lucia 1
St Martin 10 Sweden 200 Switzerland 850 Taiwan 30 Tanzania 4
Thailand 45 Trinidad & Tobago 1 Turkey 25 UAE 30 UK 4,500
Ukraine 80 USA 2,000 Venezuela 10 Vietnam 20


  1. I am a student at another manual osteopathic school. Can I transfer to NUMSS (USA)?

Yes, you can. Advanced credits may be given for courses completed.

  1. Does Canadian Government Recognize Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

The title “Osteopathic Manual Practitioner” is officially entered into the National Occupational Classification of Canada; under the NOC Code # 3232 (Practitioners of Natural Healing: Osteopathic Manual Practitioners). This is great news for the profession of osteopathic manual practice as it gives a unique identity to the job title of our graduates, and it is a great step towards regulating the profession of osteopathic manual practice in Ontario and elsewhere in Canada.
Previously only the titles “osteopath and Doctor of Osteopathy” were classified in Canada to represent anyone who practices any forms of osteopathy. Now there are officially two distinct forms of osteopathy in Canada, one the osteopathic medicine, which its practitioners call themselves osteopaths in Canada and the other osteopathic manual practice which its practitioners are called osteopathic manual practitioners.

  1. Did Canada Post Publish a World Osteopathy Day Mailing Stamp?

On Nov 11, 2014, Canada Post published World Osteopathy Day stamps, designed by Dr Shahin Pourgol, president of the  National University of Medical Sciences (USA). Osteopathy, since it was founded over 137 years ago by Dr Still in the USA, had never had a day of its own until 2012 when Dr Pourgol founded June 22nd as the World Osteopathy Day.

  1. What is the National Occupation Classification Code for Osteopathic Manual Practitioners?

The NOC (National Occupation Code) for “Osteopathic Manual Practitioners” in Canada is 3232 and it falls under “Practitioners of Natural Health”.

  1. Can NUMSS (USA) graduates join BASES?

Yes, National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates can join the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (BASES) as a member. For membership information please visit http://www.bases.org.uk/

  1. Can NUMSS (USA) MBA graduates join AMBAC?

Yes. Free membership in the “Association of MBAs in Canada” http://ambac.ca is available to all National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates of the Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree program who reside in Canada.

  1. Can NUMSS (USA) DPT students Join APTA?

Yes. Our postgraduate post professional transitional Doctor of Physical Therapy (tDPT) students can join the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) as International Members for an annual membership fee of $50 (US dollars).

  1. Does the Canadian Government Accept NUMSS (USA)?

Canadian Government Accepts NUMSS (USA) as a foreign university for tax credit purposes to our Canadian students. Our Canadian students receive Tuition, Education, and Textbook tax credits from Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). To receive this tax credit our students must submit to CRA the TL11A form (Tuition, Education, and Textbook Amounts Certificate – University Outside Canada) along with their annual tax return. Students should contact the National University of Medical Sciences (USA) admissions office and ask a copy of signed and completed TL11A be emailed to them.
This tax credit would potentially save thousands of dollars for NUMSS Canadian students (depending on how much tax they are paying).

  1. Are NUMSS (USA) Graduates Eligible to Apply for Futurpreneur Canada Loans?

National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates, who are 18 to 34 years Canadian citizens or permanent residents are eligible to apply for business development loans of up to $15,000 (at prime posted by CIBC plus 3% interest rate) under the Futurpreneur Canada program of the Canadian government.
You must have already been graduated and have already opened your own private clinic. Your clinic must be less than one year old and you have to agree to work with a mentor for up to 2 years and prepare a business plan.

  1. Which Association NUMSS (USA) Graduates Can Join in Alberta, Canada?

NUMSS (USA) graduates in Alberta, Canada can join the National Manual Osteopathic Society (NMOS) which currently allows them to directly bill Green Shield Insurance company. They can also join the Society of Osteopaths of Canada (SOC) and a number of other associations.

  1. Can NUMSS (USA) tDPT Graduates Join Physiotherapy Association in Spain?

Our tDPT (Doctor of Physical Therapy) students can join Sociedad Española de Fisioterapia en Pediatría (SEFIP) as a member.
The annual membership fee is €35 (Euro). As members of the association, students receive regular and relevant scientific articles & the opportunity to take courses at a discount.
To register applicants must complete a registration form and send it (via email ). All the information can be found in www.sefip.org .
If you need more information please contact Monica Yuste, SEFIP secretary at monica.alonso@sefip.org.

  1. Are NUMSS (USA) Graduate Eligible to Apply for Smart Start Seed Fund Grants?

Ontario National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates who are between 18 and 29 years old are eligible to apply for up to $60,000 in non-payable grant, and those who are 30 years old and over are eligible to apply for up to $30,000 under the Smart Start Seed Fund from the Ontario Centres of Excellence (OCE).
The money must go to start up costs of your private clinic and is non-payable (this is a grant, not a loan).
Each grant comes with its own criteria and rules, but they all require that a start-up private clinic be endorsed and that the cash investment be matched by a third, non-government source (such as the osteopathic manual practitioner).
Your clinic must be located in Ontario, and be incorporated. You must be the director or majority shareholder of your private clinic. The clinic must be less than 3 years old and you must be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident.

  1. Are NUMSS (USA) Graduates Eligible to Apply for BDC Loans?

Yes. Our Canadian graduates are eligible to apply for up to 50,000 in loan money from Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) if they are residents of the province their private clinic is located.
The graduates must be the clinic owner, and be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. The private clinic must have been in operation for two years or longer. Clinics less than two years old are not eligible to apply. The loan must be repaid within 4 years and the current interest rate is 5.7%. The application process is completely online, eliminating any need for personal visits and meetings.

  1. Why is online manual osteopathic education better?

A recent research on hands on skill learning indicates that in the long term online students learn better techniques than those enrolled in a campus based program.
The research done recently in USA compared two sets of students learning a manual skill, one set in a class and another from an online video. The results indicated that in the same day, after watching the skill being taught online vs live in the classroom, those classroom students learned the skill better. However after one week, the online students performed the skill clearly better than the campus students.
The conclusion the researchers made is that the campus based students learn from an instructor and then rely on memory to perform the skill task every day. While the online students get to watch the instructor everyday and this makes their skill set closer to what the instructor teaches.

  1. Why Manual Osteopathic Osteoarticular Techniques are so effective?

Manual osteopathic spinal osteoarticular techniques are proven through scientific research to cause neurophysiological effects resulting in hypoalgesia (local and/or distal), sympathoexcitation, reduction in spinal stiffness, heterogeneous in location and timing, and improved muscle function.
These techniques also produce increased nociceptive flexion reflex threshold, improved posture, decreased concentration of substance P, and improved sway index.
The evidence for effectiveness of manual osteopathic osteoarticular techniques suggests involvement of an endogenous pain inhibition system mediated by the central nervous system.

  1. Who teaches visceral & cranial osteopathy at NUMSS (USA)?

We teach visceral techniques of osteopathy (also known as visceral manipulation) & cranial osteopathy (also known as osteopathy in the cranial field) both online, as well as on-campus. Dr Oleg Bagren, MD, DOMP & Mr Jorge Aranda, BSc (O), MSc (O) teach visceral techniques and Pamela Crosson Fournier, RMT, DOMP & Dr Daniel Nuzum, DO teach cranial osteopathy.

  1. Is the DBM program accredited?

As botanical medicine is not a regulated health profession, membership in associations is not mandatory to practice as a doctor of botanical medicine or botanical medicine specialist. However those students and graduates of NUMSS (USA) doctor of botanical medicine who wish to join associations may do so. There are a number of associations that accept our DBM students and graduates as members, including the British Herbal Medicine Association (BHMA), The Herb Society (UK) and National Herbalists Association of Australia (NHAA). To inquire about membership in these associations please contact them directly.

  1. What title can I use after earning a DBM?

After successfully graduating from the doctor of botanical medicine (DBM) of NUMSS (USA) you can call yourself a doctor of botanical medicine in most countries. However in some countries such as Canada & USA the title of “Dr” is regulated and cannot be used by our graduates. In these countries you can mention that you earned a DBM – Doctor of Botanical Medicine as your designation after your name. But you must call yourself a “botanical medicine specialist”, and refrain from using “Dr” before your name.

    84. What are the lost techniques of osteopathic manual practice?

Dr H. R. Spitler was a medical doctor, chiropractor, osteopath and optometrist in Ohio, USA who invented a model of osteopathy techniques about a hundred years ago that dealt with soft tissue as well as osseous manual therapy. As his techniques focused mainly on orthopedic conditions of musculoskeletal system, he fell out of favour with the osteopathy leadership of the time and his techniques were not taught in most osteopathic schools.
Manual mechanotherapy is now mainly practiced in Ohio by a group of practitioners calling themselves mechanotherpists. The techniques are considered the lost techniques of osteopathy.
Dr. Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO (from Ohio, USA) has done six lectures on this technique which is now available for our students to watch at our video server.

85. What are the Forgotten Osteopathic

Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO (founder of osteopathy) developed many methods of treatments. In one such method (commonly known as the Still Techniques) the patient is initially moved away from the dysfunctional barrier, then a well-directed focusing force is applied, during which the dysfunctional joint is carried through a path of least resistance into the barrier.
The Still technique loosens the ligaments and tendons binding a joint by first moving away from the barrier into relaxation, and then reverses direction to allow the joint to slide back into place while the supporting ligaments and tendons are relaxed.
The Still techniques never gained popularity with early osteopaths because easier and quicker osteopathic manual therapy techniques were available to osteopaths.
Still techniques, the ground breaking methods of relaxing the soft tissue and then settling the joint were somewhat forgotten until Dr. Richard VanBuskirk, DO published “The Still Technique Manual” in 2000.
Now these techniques have regained the popularity they deserve as a number of schools including National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) and National University of Medical Sciences (USA) have added them to the curriculum of their manual osteopathy diploma and degree programs.
Dr Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DO teaches Still Techniques which is uploaded to our video servers for our registered students to watch.
Still Techniques3

86.What makes us different?

Our education differs from other schools because we teach our students everything we know about managing their business. Our students learn a lot about how to run, market and manage their clinics effectively. Our lectures include varied topics such as tax planning, asset protection, marketing, public relations, accounting, investing and financial planning.
We strongly believe a successful graduate is a happy graduate and that society as a whole improves with success of our graduates. A successful graduate spends more, and helps charities more often. This would result in the economy being stimulated once a person has better purchase power.
It is a common knowledge that money improves quality of life. However there was not much research available to back this up. In the past few years a number of research projects have shown this to be true.
The most recent research published by the Toronto Star, and done by PhD graduate student, Annie Xiaoyu Gong and her team at McGill University indicates that “Higher income increases people’s life satisfaction in general”.
The word “money” is a taboo in healthcare. We do not agree. We believe you can be a great health professional while also being financially successful.
We graduate successful health professionals and that is what helped us become the number one provider of manual osteopathic education in the world, teaching in 68 countries.
You can study manual osteopathy in many schools. However to learn about how to manage and grow your practice with proven effective tips, then we are your only choic

87. What is NOPA?

NOPA, the National Osteopathic Practitioners Alumni (http://www.osteopathyalumni.com/) is an association that our graduates can join free of charge. Membership is available only to the alumni of National University of Medical Sciences (USA) & National University of Medical Sciences (Spain).

88. Does BCAOMP accepts NUMSS (USA) graduates?

Yes. The British Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (BCAOMP) accepts as members the graduates of the bachelor of science in osteopathic manual practice and the Doctor of Philosophy in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences (PhD) programs of National University of Medical Sciences (USA).

89. What professions originated from osteopathy?

Chiropractic and naprapathy are two health professions originated from osteopathy. Most manual therapy techniques used by physiotherapists are also osteopathic in origin.


Osteopathy is the grandfather of most manual therapy primary health care systems.

90. Can NUMSS (USA) graduates join NLOA?

Yes, NUMSS (USA) graduates can join the Newfoundland and Labrador Osteopathic Association (NLOA) as full members.

91. Can NUMSS (USA) alumni join MOA?

Yes, National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates of the osteopathic manual practice programs can join Manitoba Osteopathic Association in Canada for full membership.

92.Is NUMSS (USA) registered with US Department of Education?

No. NUMSS (USA) is not registered with US Department of Education. In future we plan to apply for registration once we set up a campus there. But for now, as our programs are offered online, registration is not mandatory. We are however registered as a university in United States with the Department of States in the United States.

93. Is NUMSS (USA) registered with the Department of States in the United States?

Yes, NUMSS (USA) is registered with the Department of States in the United States.

94. Is NUMSS (USA) registered with US Department of Revenue?

Yes, NUMSS (USA) is registered with the US Department of Revenue.

95. Online vs On-campus Education: Which one is better?

The answer may surprise you!
Here is a research article by the US Department of Education that indicates online students perform better than on-campus students. “The meta-analysis found that on average, students in online learning conditions performed modestly better than
those receiving face-to-face instruction.”

96. Who is Dr Bruno Bordoni?

Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO is an Italian physiotherapist and osteopath
who is also a member of our board of directors. Dr Bordoni is a world
re-known researcher and has published numerous peer reviewed research
articles. Here is a recent research paper about effectiveness of
osteopathy in cardiology. Dr Bordoni the only osteopath of this
research. We are so proud of him!



98. What is Naprapathic Medicine?

Naprapathic medicine is a system of manual healthcare that focuses on the examinations, diagnostics, hands-on manual therapy and physical rehabilitation of the neuromusculoskeletal conditions. Doctors of Naprapathic medicine (DN) also known as naprapaths or naprapathic physicians are connective tissue specialists. Naprapaths work through the connective tissues holding the skeleton together. Examples of connective tissue include ligaments, tendons, and muscles, which are flexible and resilient when healthy. Tension in the connective tissues may cause a structural imbalance. Doctors of Naprapathic medicine work by gently manipulating the connective tissue with their hands, thereby releasing tension and restoring balance.

99. Can NUMSS (USA) Alumni Join Canadian Naprapathic Association?

Yes, graduates of our naprapathic medicine program can join the Canadian Naprapathic Association (CAN) upon graduation to become a certified naprapath (C.Nap.) after passing the board exams administered by CNA.  

100. IS NUMSS (USA) Naprapathy Program Accredited?

Yes, it is. Our doctor of naprapathic medicine (DN) program is accredited by the Canadian Naprapathic Association (CAN). Our graduates can join CAN to become certified naprapaths (C.Nap.).

101. Where Can I Work as a Naprapath?

Graduates of the NUMSS (USA) doctor of naprapathy (DN) program can work in all countries of the world as a naprapath, except Sweden and two states of Illinois and New Mexico where naprapathy is regulated. In these three jurisdictions our graduates can work as manual therapists.

102. What is the Annual Income of Naprapaths in the USA?

The average income of naprapaths in the states is $89,899 (about $120,496 Canadian dollars) in 2016. The average hourly rate is $43 ($57 Canadian). The entry level salary per year is $68,190 ($91,398 Canadian dollars). The senior level salary is $117,951 ($158,095 Canadian dollars).

103. Who Holds the Copyright to Doctor of Naprapathy (DN) title?

The National University of Medical Sciences (USA) holds the copyright to Doctor of Naprapathy – DN in Canada. The writer of the copyright is our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol.

104. What Are the Differences Between DN & C.Nap.?

DN (doctor of naprapathy) is issued by our university and you can use it after your name when you graduate. C.Nap. (certified naprapath) is a designation issued to you by Canadian Naprapathic Association (CNA) when it accepts you as member. And you can use that also after your name.The proper way to use both title is:
John Smith, DN, C.Nap.
Doctor of naprapathy
Certified naprapath

105. Is there a Naprapathy Facebook group?

Yes. We have set up a Facebook group called “Naprapathy & Naprapaths” that you can join by clicking on the link below: https://www.facebook.com/groups/naprapathy

106. Can certified naprapaths use he title “Dr”?

The title “Dr” cannot be used in Canada by naprapaths. However they can say “doctor of naprapathy” under their names, but cannot put “dr” before their names. Doctor of naprapathy is their program name so they can use it. “Dr” is a title given to doctors who are MD, DDS, PhD, OD, & DC in Canada and certified naprapaths cannot use it. An example of proper usage is:
John Smith, DN
Doctor of Naprapathy

107. How Long is the DN Program For DOs?

National University of Medical Sciences doctor of Naprapathy Curriculum for category 3 students with Doctor of Osteopathy degree issued by NUMSS (Spain) is 6 months, 1 semester – 560 hours total.
The courses include:
NT 101 Naprapathic Techniques
NS 101 Naprapathic Skills
NM 101 Theory, Philosophy & Methods of Naprapathy
NC 301 Clinical Management in Naprapathic Medicine
TH 402 Research Project and Thesis
PL 101 Optional class: Practical lab (techniques review, 1 week FT, in Madrid or Panama City)

108. What are the clinical differences of manual osteopathy & chiropractic?

NUMSS (USA) president, Dr. Shahin Pourgol has studied manual osteopathy as well as chiropractic. He has written a blog explaining the clinical differences of these two health care systems. Here is the link to the article: http://drpourgol.blogspot.ca/2017/04/clinical-differences-between.html

109. Do you love osteopathy?

Then you should join the “We Love Osteopathy” group! With 16,750 members this group founded by our president, Dr Shahin Pourgol is the largest osteopathy group in the world.

If you are interested in osteopathy related research, then visit the “Osteopathy Related Research & Science” also set up by Dr Pourgol.

110. Can NUMSS Degrees be officially translated?

Yes. Graduates of National University of Medical Sciences who wish to get a certified translation of their degrees should contact:
Ms. Madonna Antonio
Translation Agency of Ontario
(647) 985-7174
(343) 700-0324
The cost is $110.74 (Canadian). They provide official certified translation to almost all languages of the world.

111. What are the differences between Cranial Osteopathy & Craniosacral Therapy?

These are similar yet a bit different systems. Both techniques originated from the works of Dr. William Garner Sutherland, DO, who introduced his cranial concept in 1929. It was originally called osteopathy in the cranial field which later was known as cranial osteopathy.
Craniosacral therapy was formed by Dr John Upledger, an osteopath from Michigan.
The main difference between the two techniques are that cranial osteopathy is taught only to osteopaths & manual osteopaths, while craniosacral therapy is taught to everyone else.
Dr Sutherland had been struck by an idea as a student that the bones of the head were beveled as if to indicate motion. He spent the next 20 years or so trying to prove himself wrong. Through a detailed examination of the anatomy of the skull, followed by a series of experiments on his own head and on his patients, he became convinced that there was a subtle motion of the head which could be palpated with experience; and that distortions of the joints between the bones of the skull would create problems in the machine of the body just as distortions of the joints of the body create problems. His treatments were gentle, almost imperceptible movements aimed at restoring free motion of the skull.
Dr. John Upledger was a practicing Osteopath in Michigan when he attended his first cranial osteopathy course. He began practicing, and researching, the motion of the cranial bones. He later decided to rename his technique Craniosacral therapy and begin to teach it in 1983.

112.How can NUMSS (USA) registration with the US government be confirmed?

Students who wish to get confirmation from the Department of States (USA) that National University of Medical Sciences in indeedDr.pregistered with them can do so free of charge by using the following government website:

Once in the website please enter National University of Medical Sciences registration tracking number: CC5084243591
The website would tell you if NUMSS (USA) registration is valid or not. It also shows you a copy of the registration for you to download free of charge.

113.Does NUMSS (USA) Offer a Campus Based DPT Program in India?

Yes, it does. Qualified physiotherapists in India have the option of taking the postgraduate DPT (Doctor of Physical Therapy) program of National University of Medical Sciences (USA) through online across India or on-campus in Mumbai.
The on-campus DPT program is open only to those physiotherapists who are members of the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP). The online DPT program is open to all physiotherapists.
To request information about on-campus program please contact NUMSS (USA) Professor Dr Ali Irani, PhD (SM), PhD (ABMD), DPT president of the Indian Association of Physiotherapists (IAP), at Dr.Irani@numss.us . Dr Irani is in charge of coordinating the campus based transitional DPT program in Mumbai (India). For the online program contact the university directly at admissions@numss.us.
Paid clinical internship at a number of hospitals in Mumbai is available for selected qualified Indian physiotherapists who are members of the Indian Association of Physiotherapists.

114.Can manual osteopaths work in hospitals?

We have many students working in hospitals as physiotherapists & physicians. However until now we just had one student who was working as an osteopath in a hospital in UAE. Now we found out another student, Stéphane Laporte, DOMP, DO (a graduate of National University of Medical Sciences ) has secured a position as an osteopath in Vietnam. We are so proud of him!

This is an email sent today to Dr Pourgol by Stephane:  

This email is to send you a heartfelt thank you for your guidance in the field of Osteopathy. Thanks to you and your education, I am now working in a major JCI accredited hospital in the physical therapy and rehabilitation department. It’s a great experience, working in a team of therapists. This is of course the very beginning, and I look forward to grow fast in personal development and to apply the lessons from the NUMSS business lectures.”

115. Who founded CRMOO?

We have started the process of getting the profession of manual osteopathy regulated in Ontario (Canada). The Coalition for the Regulation of Manual Osteopathy in Ontario (CRMOO) has been created to unite the profession as unity is the first and most important of the three requirements of the Ontario government to evaluate a profession for regulatory purposes.
Osteopathy is already regulated in the province of Ontario. In Ontario osteopaths are medical doctors who are members of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO). The first time the profession started the process of regulation it failed because the word “osteopathy” was used. This caused opposition by CPSO and confused the Ontario government as “osteopathy” was already regulated. To avoid this concern “Manual Osteopathy” is used instead to separate our profession from osteopathic medicine in Ontario.
The second time profession started the process of regulation it also failed because selected organizations decided to exclusively start the regulatory process without uniting the profession. This has failed because Ontario government requires the profession to be united.
This Coalition has been formed with the sole purpose of uniting the profession and representing the profession when dealing with the Ontario government. To this end the Coalition will accept all schools, all associations, and all organizations. It is not mandate of the Coalition to set educational requirements and policies for the profession or evaluate each organization. Educational, ethics and practice guidelines will be decided and developed by an appropriate committee when manual osteopathy regulation is achieved. Until then every organization is accepted.
There will not be any leadership posts in the Coalition. The Coalition will be managed by a committee that includes one representative from each school and organization. This is important as we want all organizations feel they have a voice in managing the Coalition.
We understand there may be a few organizations that wish not to join the Coalition. However the majority will join and we believe the ones who do not join initially will join it later once they realize how beneficial regulation is to the profession.
All philosophical and educational differences can and should be set aside for the purpose of becoming united to get the profession regulated. Once manual osteopaths are regulated, they can get together and decide on what requirements they wish to have for osteopathic education. To do this beforehand is troublesome as it causes a divide in the profession and without unity there will not be regulation.
I invite all osteopathic manual practitioners to speak to their alma mater and associations and to encourage them to join this Coalition for the benefit of manual osteopathy.
Get united to become regulated.
Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD
National Academy of Osteopathy (Canada)
National University of Medical Sciences (Spain)
National University of Medical Sciences (USA) 
Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners

116.How often can you increase your fees for osteopathic care?

While majority of manual osteopaths charge $80 to $140 per hour, we are seeing more and more alumni charging higher fees in Canada and abroad as per our request.
We reported before Dr Kenny Wong (physiotherapist/osteopath) a National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) alumni in Malaysia charging $400 per hour for osteopathic care and Dr. Thomas Andrew (massage therapist/osteopath), an alumnus of NUMSS (Spain) charging $400 for 90 minutes of osteopathic care in Bermuda. We have now been told that our alumna Dr Liza Egbogah (chiropractor/manual osteopath) is charging $270 per hour in downtown Toronto (Ontario, Canada).
In our business lectures we went over how to effectively increase your fees. A small increase in your fees will not deter patients from utilizing your services. However even a small increase have a huge impact on your net profit, as your expenses remain the same. So any increase in service fees translate into profit.

Dr Liza

117. Can alumni join the Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada?

Yes they can. Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada (https://www.facebook.com/osteopathypainclinics) has been founded by our president, Dr Shawn Pourgol to connect patients with our alumni and to increase osteopathy utilization by the public. Osteopathy Chronic Pain Clinics of Canada logo - Sept 27 2017
Only osteopathy graduates of our two schools, National University of Medical Sciences (USA) and National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) can join this clinic. OCPCC works in many countries, not just Canada.

118. Can NUMSS (USA) alumni join CAOA?

Yes, the graduates of the postgraduate fellowship program in Animal Osteopathy can join the Canadian Animal Osteopathic Association as members.

119. Does NUMSS have a graduation ring?

Yes, we do. Sizes are available from 4 – 11 (half size are available). This ring is available on Silver – White Gold – Yellow Gold and Rose Gold (10K, 14K, 18K). You can choose your graduated year (2013-2017) , also your degree (MBA, DPT and DO). Each ring comes with LED ring boxFor more information please send an email to info@MarketingNeeds.ca
Ring 3
Ring 2 Ring 4

120 . Is Osteopathic Care Accepted as a Medical Expense by CRA?

Yes, it is. Canadians who pay for manual osteopathic care are eligible to claim the expenses as “medical expenses” in their annual personal income tax return to receive deduction in their annual personal income tax payment.
This is applicable only to patients without private extended health plan. If the cost of manual osteopathic care is covered and paid by a third party payor, the individual is not permitted to use the receipt for tax credit. However the portion of the treatment that is not covered by the extended health plan (and paid by the patient) can be claimed as medical expense in Canada. Other countries may also have similar laws.

121. What associations are founded by alumni?

Our alumni made us the leader in osteopathic education and we are proud of them. They are some of the most distinguished manual osteopaths in the world. Presidents of many osteopathy organizations have studied osteopathy with us including the following: American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,

Canadian Union of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board,
Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (USA),
European Osteopathic Association,
Caribbean Osteopathic Association,
Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board,
International Osteopathy Examining Board,
Ontario College of Osteopathic Rehabilitation Sciences,
British Columbia Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners,
College of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners of Ontario,
Nova Scotia Osteopathic Association,
Newfoundland and Labrador Osteopathic Association,
L’Alliance Canadienne de Médecine Alternative,
National Osteopathic Practitioners Association,
Council on Manual Osteopathy Education,
Manitoba Osteopathic Association,
College des osteopathes canadiens,
Iranian Osteopathic Association,
African Osteopathic Association,
Osteopathy Association of Asia and
International Osteopathic Association.
Each association has its own membership criteria. Our alumni who satisfy the membership requirements of each association are eligible to join as members.

122 . Are you planning to work in US?

If you wish to practice European style manual osteopathy in the states (our profession is known as osteopathic manual practice in the States) you should choose an osteopathy school that is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education.

The alumni of osteopathy schools accredited by COMPE are able to write the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board. Those who pass the board exams can then apply to the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practice for membership.

Upon joining AAOMP as a member you will be awarded with the title of COMP (Certified Osteopathic Manual Practitioner). AAOMP has copyrighted the title of COMP and only its members are permitted to use this title.

Our two schools NUMSS (Spain) and NUMSS (USA) are accredited member of COMPE. Our alumni are permitted to sit for the board exams of AOMPEB and to join AAOMP upon graduation. Most osteopathic manual practitioners in the states are our alumni.

123 . What is COMP?

The American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP), based in Nevada (USA) awards COMP (Certified Osteopathic Manual Practitioner) to its members.

The title is issued to AAOMP members who have successfully completed the board exams of the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPB).

This creates a standard title that the public would associate with osteopathic manual practitioners in US.

124 . What is osteopathic manual practice?

What we teach is hands-on osteopathy, also known as European style osteopathy, manual osteopathy or osteopathic manual practice. These terms are used to distinguish what we teach from the American style osteopathy, also known as osteopathic medicine, which is taught across the states. Osteopathic medicine includes surgery and medications. European style involves only hands-on manual therapy.
In most countries alumni call what they do osteopathy. In the states we request alumni to use osteopathic manual practice as to not confuse the American public who associate osteopathy with osteopathic medicine.
The American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners requires its members to use the term “Osteopathic Manual Practice” instead of “osteopathy”.

125 . Is the school accredited by UCOMPE ?

Yes. our school is accredited by the US Council on Osteopathic Manual Practice Education (UCOMPE). This permits our alumni to apply for the AOMPEB board exams and following successful completion of the board and all other requirements to join the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners.

126 .Can alumni write AOMPEB board exams?

Yes. Our alumni are eligible to sit for the board exams administered by the American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB).

127 .Can alumni join AAOMP?

Yes. Our alumni who pass the board exams of American Osteopathic Manual Practice Examining Board (AOMPEB) and who satisfy all the membership requirement of the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners (AAOMP) can join AAOMP.

128 .Can alumni join European Osteopathic Association?

Yes. Alumni can join European Osteopathic Association (EOA) as a full member. Osteopath/physiotherapist, Dr Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO, PhD (from Milan, Italy) is the first president of the European Osteopathic Association (EOA).

Dr Bordoni is one of the most prolific osteopathic researchers in the world who has published numerous osteopathy related research papers and books.
EOA is affiliated with the International Osteopathic Association (IOA) and follows its mandate and policies.
Dr Bordoni is a graduate of the PhD in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences program of the National University of Medical Sciences (USA). He is also a member of the board of governors of our two universities in USA and Spain.

130 .Can Osteopathic Manual Practitioners Use Physiotherapy Modalities?

Our PhD program in Osteopathic Clinical Sciences has a course on osteopathic auxiliary therapy which includes physiological therapeutic modalities. Osteopathic manual practitioners are permitted to use physiotherapy modalities such as ultrasound, laser, electrotherapy, thermotherapy, cryotherapy, magnetic therapy, etc. in most jurisdictions. However they cannot call what they do physiotherapy or physical therapy and they cannot call themselves physiotherapists or physical therapists (unless they are licensed physiotherapists or physical therapists). In some locations however, such as Quebec in Canada and California in US, osteopathic manual practitioners are not permitted to use some of the physiotherapy modalities such as electrotherapy, laser and ultrasound. Please check the laws of the jurisdiction you plan to practice for exact information.

131 .Are the on-site practical technique classes mandatory?

The two weeks of practical training is optional for students based in the United States of America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia.

132 .How can get bodies to practice osteopathic techniques on?

An easy way to get volunteers to allow you to practice osteopathic techniques is to post a notice on your personal Facebook page as well as Facebook groups of your city, asking for volunteers.

Aside from getting bodies to practice on, a benefit is many of them end up becoming your patients once you graduate and open your own clinic.

Many of our students have done this successfully. They got tons of volunteers while also getting many of them to come back as patients. But please make sure you make it clear that you are not providing manual osteopathic care and treatments. You are just practicing techniques. You are not a manual osteopath yet and as such you cannot provide treatments. You can however practice techniques on others as long as they know they are not receiving treatments.

133 .Who are the Board of Governors of National University of Medical Sciences (Spain)?

1- Dr. Bruno Bordoni, DPT, DO, PhD, Physical Therapist & Osteopath (president: European Osteopathic Association)
2- Dr. Sylvian Desforges, BSc, DC, DO, Chiropractor & Osteopath (president: Canadian Alliance of Alternative Medicine)
3- Dr. Mariana Rodriguez, MD, DO, Medical doctor & Osteopath
4- Dr. Daniel Nuzum, NMD (USA), DO (Spain), DN, PhD, Naprapath & Osteopathic Manual Practitioner (president: American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners & Minister of Health: SCNRFP)
5- Dr. Farjoud Shokouhi, MBA, DBA, DPT, DO, physiotherapist & osteopath  (president: IrOA)


134 . Who is the first manual osteopath to be chosen as a health minister?

Honorable, professors Daniel Nuzum, NMD, DN, DO (Spain), PhD, one of our top students who is also one of our professors at National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) and National University of Medical Sciences (USA) has been chosen as the Minister of Health for the Southern Cherokee Nation & the Red Fire Nation in the United States.

This is a historic achievement as it is the first time in history that an osteopathic manual practitioner has been chosen as a minister of health. We are proud of our alumni and wish the best for Honorable Dr Nuzum in his new position as the SCNRFN Minister of Health.

Dr Nuzum - Minister of Health Dr Nuzum



135 .How long is the DN program for PhD graduates?

The doctor of naprapathy (DN) program is just one semester long for NUMSS (USA) PhD graduates.

136 .How can I view the Osteopathy TV videos?

Here is the link to Osteopathy TV YouTube channel. All the Osteopathy TV videos are found at this link.

137 .Do insurers in Canada pay for naprapathic care?

Yes, they do. Most insurers in Quebec and some other provinces reimburse clients for naturotherapy. Naprapathy (also knows as naprapathic medicine) falls under naturotherapy services in Canada. Doctor of Naprapathy (DN) graduates of the National University of Medical Sciences (USA & Spain) can join associations such as the Canadian Alliance of Alternative Medicine (ACMA). Membership in these associations offer NUMSS DN graduates the right to bill extended health plan insurers as they are approved EHP associations. For information on how to join ACMA as a naprapath please contact ACMA president, Dr Sylvain Desforges, DC, DO.

137 .In which states osteopathic manual practitioners and naprapaths can practice without a license?

In the following states, osteopathic manual practitioners and naprapaths can work without license as long as they get the clients sign a specific form indicating that they are not providing medical care, they are not doctors, physiotherapists, chiropractors, massage therapists, and that they do not provide electrotherapy, manipulation or massage.
-New Mexico
-Rhode Island
There are a few other states that have specific exemptions bypassing the requirement for licensure. The list is provided elsewhere in our FAQ section.

138 .Are NUMSS (USA) degrees approved in the United States?

Yes, National University of Medical Sciences (USA) degrees are approved in the united States by the California University Foreign Evaluation Agency (FCE).

139 .Where Can I find Information About NUMSS-RGU Partnership Agreement?

To receive information about NUMSS international partnership agreement with Richmond Gabriel University College of Medicine, that allows our graduates to prequalify for conditional acceptance into their MD program, please visit Richmond Gabriel University website at https://richmondgu.org/rgu-numss/?fbclid=IwAR3ww97bilyOxcNdDAukK5A0-wZ7QDickpxRyp5A-fEj_i6kZ6D7qfbDRqE.

140 .How Can Massage Therapists Make $209,000 Per Year?

One way is to offer osteopathic chronic pain management. Massage therapist / osteopathic manual practitioner, Fadi Karroum, who practices in Los Angeles has a fully booked practice now grossing over $209K per year after he started offering osteopathic chronic pain management.
We offer an online accelerated one year Bachelor of Science in Osteopathic Manual Practice – BSc (OMP) for massage therapists that can also be taken as a dual degree with the BSc in Massage Therapy. Our osteopathy programs focus heavily on chronic pain management.
Our degrees are accepted across the US as it is approved by the California University FCE. Alumni can join the American Association of Osteopathic Manual Practitioners in the US to become a COMP. In Canada alumni can join the College of Registered Manual Osteopaths to become an RMO with the ability to bill most private health insurers.
Our program includes 250 business management lectures offered by Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, PhD (seen below with Mr. Karroum) on topics related to clinic management, accounting, self improvement, marketing, tax planning, investment, and asset protection. Dr. Pourgol is founder of OCPCC clinics that operates over 370 chronic pain centers in the United States, Canada, Spain and 30 other countries.
Join us, study OMP and secure your future.
Dr Pourgol with Fadi Karroum

141 .Is NUMSS Accredited in the United States?

Yes, National University of Medical Sciences is accredited by the International Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (QAHE), based in Delaware, the United States. International Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (QAHE) is an American non-governmental organization that provides accreditation services to colleges & universities across the world.


142 .Is NUMSS Accredited in the UK?

The International Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education that has fully accredited the National University of Medical Sciences has been accredited in the UK. As such its accreditation is valid throughout the United Kingdom. NUMSS is accredited by this accreditation agency. The agency is recognized as an accrediting body for the purposes of Key Information Set (KIS), operated and published by the UK government Higher Education Statistics Agency and registered as `Accrediting Body´.

143 .Is There a Copy of NUMSS Audit Report?

Yes, here is a copy of National University of Medical Sciences audit report prepared by the International Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education.

– Academic Quality & Integrity A-
– Teaching Staff Qualification A
– Delivery of Programs B+
– Student Services A-
– Website Design Performance B+

This reports by a United States based accreditation agency attests the high quality of online education National University of Medical Sciences provides worldwide.

Audit Report 22-23 - National University of Medical Sciences

144 .How NUMSS graduates can become board certified in the United States?

Our graduates who wish to become a board certified osteopathic manual practitioner can join the American Association of Natural Wellness Practitioners (AANWP). NUMSS graduate, Dr Mercedeh Ghazy is an example of a US Board Certified osteopathic manual practitioner.

145 .Is there a Bridge program for the DN graduates in Illinois?

Naprapathic medicine is a regulated health profession in New Mexico & Illinois. In these two states our doctor of naprapathy (DN) graduates cannot work unless they successfully complete license examinations. NUMSS (USA) alumni are permitted to work in 48 states without completing a board exam but those who wish to practice in the state of Illinois should complete the naprapathy Clinical Internship Bridge Program created by the National College of Naprapathic Medicine (founded in 1906). Completion of the NCNM clinical internship bridge program permits NUMSS alumni to write the Illinois Naprapathic License Examination to become a licensed doctor of naprapathic medicine, which permits them to use the title of “Dr” and to bill medical insurers.

146 .Is the Doctor of Naprapathy program Accredited in the United States?

The National University of Medical Sciences (USA) doctor of Naprapathy (DN) program is accepted by the American Association of Natural Wellness Practitioners. Aside from 2 states in the US (Illinois & New Mexico) where naprapathy is a regulated health profession, our doctor of naprapathy (DN) graduates can practice as a  naprapath in 48 states. To apply for membership please visit: https://aanwp.com

AANWP registration permits DN alumni to work as natural wellness practitioners in USA providing naprapathic care to the public in 48 states.


147 .Are the DN graduates eligible to join CNA-ACN as full members?

NYes, they are. NUMSS (USA) doctor of naprapathy (DN) graduates can join the Canadian Naturological Association – Association Canadienne de Naturologie as full members which has the benefit of obtaining a malpractice insurance, specifically for doctors of naprapathy, which is a first in Canada.

NUMSS accreditation with CNA

148 .Can DOMP graduates work in the United States?

Yes, in 8 states, including California NAO DOMP graduates can work without any special license. In the other 42 states NAO graduates should join an association, such as the American Association of Natural Wellness Practitioners that allows members to practice manual osteopathy (known as osteopathic manual practice in the United States) under their wellness practitioner license.


149 .Can NUMSS (USA) graduates purchase professional liability insurance in the US?

Yes, professional liability coverage is available in most countries for National University of Medical Sciences (USA) graduates. For example our graduates can join the American Alternative Medical Association (AAMA) as a member which would permit them to buy $1M malpractice insurance for $138 per year. There are other associations, organizations and insurers that also provide malpractice insurance coverage to NUMSS graduates.


150 .Is there in-person DPT classes in Pakistan?

NUMSS (USA) in-person DPT classes in Pakistan are held at the Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IRM).

151 .Is There a Malpractice Insurance Available for the American Graduates?

Yes, there are a number of insurers offering malpractice insurance to NUMSS (USA) alumni. National University of Medical Sciences (USA) naprapathy & manual osteopathy graduates are eligible to get licensed in the U.S. under GEHA. NUMSS alumni are pre-qualified to obtain malpractice insurance (also known as errors & omissions or professional liability insurance) offered by the Lockton Affinity Insurance Company, LLC.

For information please contact Dr. Nicole Kimmel, PhD, vice president of the American Association of Natural Wellness Practitioners (AANWP), where our president, Dr. Shawn Pourgol, MBA, DC, DO, DN, PhD is a member of its Executive Board. Just a note that NUMSS (USA) is an accredited member of AANWP.

152 .Do OMPs have access to insurance direct billing?

Osteopathic manual practitioners in certain countries have access to insurance direct billing. Registered manual osteopaths members of College of Registered Manual Osteopaths can directly bill extended health plan insurers in Canada as they are accepted by TELUS DIRECT for e-Claims.